Question: "How does archaeology support the Bible?"
Answer: Where archaeology verifies and agrees with the Bible, Christians accept it as true. But what about when archaeology does not agree with the biblical account? Is it then archaeology or the Bible that is in error? A case in point is Joshua and the battle of Jericho. It is plainly written in the Bible that Joshua was able to defeat Jericho because the wall crumbled down and he and his army was able to enter the city. But archaeologists tell us that at the time of Joshua there were no walled cities in existence at the site of Jericho. The conclusion they draw is that no walled city existed, thus there was no battle, and since there was no battle then there was no general by the name of Joshua. Many secular archaeologists said the same thing about King David until they found a tablet bearing his name as King of Israel. Thus, up until the tablet was found, archaeology did not support the Bible. But eventually it was proven that God’s Word was true all along. David was a real person who was King of Israel, and science’s “proof” turned out to be false.
Christians must understand that scientifically we cannot prove that the Bible is true; but that should not lead us to believe that it is not God’s absolute truth. We believe that everything happens at the direction of God to fulfill His eternal plan and to bring glory to Himself. Since He is the author of history, we are assured that His record of history is an accurate account of what happened. But we must also understand that not everything that happened was written in His record. Only those things were recorded that give us God’s revelation of Himself. It is not circular thinking or double-speak to assert that the Bible verifies itself. If we think so, the next question is, “by whom or by what criteria can the Bible be corrected?” What is the standard or criteria by which the biblical narrative can be changed? Is it not the Word of God? We should respect the mountains of evidence that archaeologists collect, but at the same time we must understand that their conclusions are only theory produced by their own inductive methods.
In case study after case study archaeology eventually catches up with the biblical account and they come into agreement. As Christians, we must be patient and not let our faith in God’s word as absolute truth be troubled and shattered by scientific theories. It is good to remember that archaeology has never proven the biblical account to be wrong; but in some cases it has not been able to prove the biblical account right. It is the goal of secular humanists to discredit God’s Word and unfortunately there are many in the sciences who are unbelievers and who come to their studies with preconceived ideas and an agenda. But Christianity is catching up in this important scientific discipline. For more information read: “Christian archaeology: why is it important?”