The Book of 1 Timothy was written by the Apostle Paul (1 Timothy 1:1).
Date of Writing: The Book of 1 Timothy was written between 62-66 A.D.
Purpose of Writing: Paul wrote to Timothy to encourage him in his responsibility for overseeing the work of the Ephesian church and possibly the other churches in the province of Asia (1 Timothy 1:3). This letter lays the foundation for ordaining elders (1 Timothy 3:1-7), and provides guidance for ordaining people into offices of the church (1 Timothy 3:8-13). In essence, 1 Timothy is a leadership manual for church organization and administration.
Key Verses: 1 Timothy 2:5, "For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus."
1 Timothy 2:12, "I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man; she must be silent."
1 Timothy 3:1-2, "Here is a trustworthy saying: If anyone sets his heart on being an overseer, he desires a noble task. Now the overseer must be above reproach, the husband of but one wife, temperate, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, not given to drunkenness, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money."
1 Timothy 4:9-10, "This is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance and for this we labor and strive), that we have put our hope in the living God, who is the Savior of all men, and especially of those who believe."
1 Timothy 6:12, "Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of the eternal life to which you were called when you made your good confession in the presence of many witnesses."
Brief Summary: This is the first letter Paul wrote to Timothy, a young pastor who had been a help of Paul in his work. Timothy was a Greek. His mother was a Jewess and his father was Greek. Paul was more than just a mentor and leader to Timothy, he was like a father to him and Timothy was like a son to Paul (1 Timothy 1:2). Paul begins the letter by urging Timothy to be on the guard for false teachers and false doctrine. However, much of the letter deals with pastoral conduct. Paul instructs Timothy in worship (1 Timothy 2) and developing mature leaders for the Church (1 Timothy 3). Most of the letter deals with pastoral conduct and that of their families as well. All throughout the letter, Paul encourages Timothy to stand firm, to persevere, and to remain true to his calling.
Practical Application: Jesus Christ is present by Paul as the mediator between God and man (1 Timothy 2:5), and is the Savior to all who believe in Him. He is Lord of the Church, and Timothy serves Him by pasturing His Church. Thus, we find the main application of Paul’s first letter to his “son in the faith.” Paul instructs Timothy on matters of Church doctrine, Church leadership, and Church administration. We can use those same instructions in governing our local assembly today. Likewise, the work and ministry of a pastor, the qualifications for an elder, and the qualifications of a deacon are just as important and pertinent today as they were in Timothy’s day. Paul’s first letter to Timothy amounts to an instruction book on leading, administrating and pasturing the local church. The instructions laid out in this letter apply to any leader of prospective leader of Christ’s church are laid out in a clear, concise manner and are equally relevant today, tomorrow or any day, as they were in Paul’s day.
For those not called into a “leadership” role in their church, the book is still for you. Every follower must contend for the faith. Every follower must stand firm and persevere. Finally, every follower of Christ must remain true to our Savior and that which we have been called to do: “Go out and make disciples of all nations” (Matthew 28:19).