What are Gog and Magog?

Question: "What are Gog and Magog?"

Prophetically, Gog will be the leader of a great army that attacks the land of Israel in the end times. Gog is described as "the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal" from the north, "the land of Magog" (Ezekiel 38:2-3). The prophet Ezekiel prophetically describes Gog attacking Israel with a powerful force (Ezekiel chapters 3839). According to this prophecy of Ezekiel, Gog will be defeated by God Himself on the mountains of Israel. The slaughter will be so great it will take seven months to bury all of the dead (Ezekiel 39:12). The book of Revelation also mentions Gog and Magog (Revelation 20:7-8). The prophecy in Revelation is essentially a restatement of Ezekiel's prophecy.

Magog was a grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:2). The descendants of Magog settled to the far north of Israel, likely in Europe and northern Asia (Ezekiel 38:2). Magog seems to be used to refer to "northern barbarians" in general, but likely also has a connection to Magog the person. The people of Magog are described as skilled warriors (Ezekiel 38:15; 39:3-9). The book of Revelation uses Ezekiel's prophecy about Magog to portray a final end-times attack on the nation of Israel (Revelation 20:8-9). Many Bible prophecy teachers identify Gog and Magog as Russia and/or China. This is possible, but not explicitly clear in the Bible.

Recommended Resource: Understanding End Times Prophecy by Paul Benware.

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What are Gog and Magog?